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JSON Schema for PHP

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A PHP Implementation for validating JSON Structures against a given Schema.

See json-schema for more details.



```bash git clone ```

Composer "Install PHP Composer"

```bash composer require justinrainbow/json-schema ```


```php <?php

$data = json_decode(file_get_contents('data.json'));

// Validate $validator = new JsonSchema; $validator->validate($data, (object)['$ref' => 'file://' . realpath('schema.json')]);

if ($validator->isValid()) { echo "The supplied JSON validates against the schema.\n"; } else { echo "JSON does not validate. Violations:\n"; foreach ($validator->getErrors() as $error) { echo sprintf("[%s] %s\n", $error['property'], $error['message']); } } ```

Type coercion

If you're validating data passed to your application via HTTP, you can cast strings and booleans to the expected types defined by your schema:

```php <?php

use JsonSchema; use JsonSchema; use JsonSchema; use JsonSchema;

$request = (object)[ 'processRefund'=>"true", 'refundAmount'=>"17" ];

$validator->validate( $request, (object) [ "type"=>"object", "properties"=>(object)[ "processRefund"=>(object)[ "type"=>"boolean" ], "refundAmount"=>(object)[ "type"=>"number" ] ] ], Constraint::CHECK_MODE_COERCE_TYPES ); // validates!

is_bool($request->processRefund); // true is_int($request->refundAmount); // true ```

A shorthand method is also available: ```PHP $validator->coerce($request, $schema); // equivalent to $validator->validate($data, $schema, Constraint::CHECK_MODE_COERCE_TYPES); ```

Default values

If your schema contains default values, you can have these automatically applied during validation:

```php <?php

use JsonSchema; use JsonSchema;

$request = (object)[ 'refundAmount'=>17 ];

$validator = new Validator();

$validator->validate( $request, (object)[ "type"=>"object", "properties"=>(object)[ "processRefund"=>(object)[ "type"=>"boolean", "default"=>true ] ] ], Constraint::CHECK_MODE_APPLY_DEFAULTS ); //validates, and sets defaults for missing properties

is_bool($request->processRefund); // true $request->processRefund; // true ```

With inline references

```php <?php

use JsonSchema; use JsonSchema; use JsonSchema;

$jsonSchema = <<<'JSON' { "type": "object", "properties": { "data": { "oneOf": [ { "$ref": "#/definitions/integerData" }, { "$ref": "#/definitions/stringData" } ] } }, "required": ["data"], "definitions": { "integerData" : { "type": "integer", "minimum" : 0 }, "stringData" : { "type": "string" } } } JSON;

// Schema must be decoded before it can be used for validation $jsonSchemaObject = json_decode($jsonSchema);

// The SchemaStorage can resolve references, loading additional schemas from file as needed, etc. $schemaStorage = new SchemaStorage();

// This does two things: // 1) Mutates $jsonSchemaObject to normalize the references (to file://mySchema#/definitions/integerData, etc) // 2) Tells $schemaStorage that references to file://mySchema... should be resolved by looking in $jsonSchemaObject $schemaStorage->addSchema('file://mySchema', $jsonSchemaObject);

// Provide $schemaStorage to the Validator so that references can be resolved during validation $jsonValidator = new Validator( new Factory($schemaStorage));

// JSON must be decoded before it can be validated $jsonToValidateObject = json_decode('{"data":123}');

// Do validation (use isValid() and getErrors() to check the result) $jsonValidator->validate($jsonToValidateObject, $jsonSchemaObject); ```

Configuration Options

A number of flags are available to alter the behavior of the validator. These can be passed as the third argument to Validator::validate(), or can be provided as the third argument to Factory::__construct() if you wish to persist them across multiple validate() calls.

Flag Description
Constraint::CHECK_MODE_NORMAL Validate in 'normal' mode - this is the default
Constraint::CHECK_MODE_TYPE_CAST Enable fuzzy type checking for associative arrays and objects
Constraint::CHECK_MODE_COERCE_TYPES Convert data types to match the schema where possible
Constraint::CHECK_MODE_APPLY_DEFAULTS Apply default values from the schema if not set
Constraint::CHECK_MODE_ONLY_REQUIRED_DEFAULTS When applying defaults, only set values that are required
Constraint::CHECK_MODE_EXCEPTIONS Throw an exception immediately if validation fails
Constraint::CHECK_MODE_DISABLE_FORMAT Do not validate "format" constraints
Constraint::CHECK_MODE_VALIDATE_SCHEMA Validate the schema as well as the provided document

Please note that using Constraint::CHECK_MODE_COERCE_TYPES or Constraint::CHECK_MODE_APPLY_DEFAULTS will modify your original data.

Running the tests

```bash composer test # run all unit tests composer testOnly TestClass # run specific unit test class composer testOnly TestClass::testMethod # run specific unit test method composer style-check # check code style for errors composer style-fix # automatically fix code style errors ```